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Context-Aware Configuration and Management of WiFi Direct Groups for Real Opportunistic Networks

Wi-Fi Direct is a promising technology for the support of device-to-device communications (D2D) on commercial mobile devices. However, the standard as-it-is is not sufficient to support the real deployment of networking solutions entirely based on D2D such as opportunistic networks. In fact, WiFi Direct presents some characteristics that could limit the autonomous creation of D2D connections among users’ personal devices. Specifically, the standard explicitly requires the user’s authorization to establish a connection between two or more devices, and it provides a limited support for inter-group communication. In some cases, this might lead to the creation of isolated groups of nodes which cannot communicate among each other. In this paper, we propose a novel middleware-layer protocol for the efficient configuration and management of WiFi Direct groups (WiFi Direct Group Manager, WFD-GM) to enable autonomous connections and inter-group communication. This enables opportunistic networks in real conditions (e.g., variable mobility and network size). WFD-GM defines a context function that takes into account heterogeneous parameters for the creation of the best group configuration in a specific time window, including an index of nodes’ stability and power levels. We evaluate the protocol performances by simulating three reference scenarios including different mobility models, geographical areas and number of nodes. Simulations are also supported by experimental results related to the evaluation in a real testbed of the involved context parameters. We compare WFD-GM with the state-of-the-art solutions and we show that it performs significantly better than a Baseline approach in scenarios with medium/low mobility, and it is comparable with it in case of high mobility, without introducing additional overhead.

14th IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad hoc and Sensor Systems (MASS), Orlando, FL, USA, 2017

Autori IIT:

Valerio Arnaboldi

Foto di Valerio Arnaboldi

Tipo: Contributo in atti di convegno
Area di disciplina: Information Technology and Communication Systems

File: Arnaboldietal.-Context-AwareConfigurationandManagementofWiFiDirectGroupsforRealOpportunisticNetworks.pdf

Attività: Smart Cities & Communities