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Identification of Web Spam through Clustering of Website Structures

Spam websites are domains whose owners are not interested in using them as gates for their activities but they are parked to be sold in the secondary market of web domains. To transform the costs of the annual registration fees in an opportunity of revenues, spam websites most often host a large amount of ads in the hope that someone who lands on the site by chance clicks on some ads. Since parking has become a widespread activity, a large number of specialized companies have come out and made parking a straightforward task that simply requires to set the domain’s name servers appropriately. Although parking is a legal activity, spam websites have a deep negative impact on the information quality of the web and can significantly deteriorate the performances of most web mining tools. For example these websites can influence search engines results or introduce an extra burden for crawling systems. In addition, spam websites represent a cost for ad bidders that are obliged to pay for impressions or clicks that have a negligible probability to produce revenues. In this paper, we experimentally show that spam websites hosted by the same service provider tend to have similar look-and-feel. Exploiting this structural similarity we face the problem of the automatic identification of spam websites. In addition, we use the outcome of the classification for compiling the list of the name servers used by spam websites so that they can be discarded before the first connection just after the first DNS query. A dump of our dataset (including web pages and meta information) and the corresponding manual classifi cation is freely available upon request.

24th International Conference on World Wide Web Companion, Firenze, 2015

Autori IIT:

Tipo: Articolo in Atti di convegno internazionale con referee
Area di disciplina: Computer Science & Engineering

Attività: Algoritmica per tecnologie web