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Analysis and Optimization of a Protocol for Mobile Element Discovery in Sensor Networks

Recent studies have demonstrated that mobile elements (MEs) are an efficient solution to help decrease dramatically energy consumption in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). However, in most of cases, sensors use duty cycle schemes to save energy, and unless the ME mobility pattern is deterministic, each sensor node has to discover the presence of the ME in the nearby area before starting to exchange data with it. Therefore, in such wireless sensor networks with mobile elements (in short, WSN-MEs), the definition and analysis of a protocol for efficient ME discovery becomes of fundamental importance. In this paper, we propose an extensive performance analysis of an easy-to-implement, hierarchical discovery protocol for WSN-MEs, called Dual Beacon Discovery (2BD) protocol, taking into account stochastic, multi-path, variable speed ME mobility patterns. We also derive the optimal parameter values that minimize the energy consumption of sensor nodes, while guaranteeing the minimum node throughput required by the applications under consideration. Finally, we compare the 2BD protocol with a classical solution based on Periodic Listening (PL). Our results show that 2BD can exploit its hierarchical mechanism and thus significantly increase lifetime, especially when the ME discovery phase is relatively long.

IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 2014

Autori esterni: Giuseppe Anastasi (Department of Computer Science, University of Pisa, Italy ), Francesco Restuccia, Sajal K. Das (University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington)
Autori IIT:

Tipo: Articoli su riviste ISI
Area di disciplina: Information Technology and Communication Systems
Da pagina 1942 a pagina 1954

Attività: Internet of Things