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Efficient asymmetric inclusion of regular expressions with interleaving and counting for XML type-checking

The inclusion of Regular Expressions (REs) is the kernel of any type-checking algorithm for XML manipulation languages. XML applications would benefit from the extension of REs with interleaving and counting, but this is not feasible in general, since inclusion is EXPSPACE-complete for such extended REs. In Colazzo et al. (2009) [1] we introduced a notion of “conflict-free REs”, which are extended REs with excellent complexity behaviour, including a polynomial inclusion algorithm  [1] and linear membership (Ghelli et al., 2008  [2]). Conflict-free REs have interleaving and counting, but the complexity is tamed by the “conflict-free” limitations, which have been found to be satisfied by the vast majority of the content models published on the Web.
However, a type-checking algorithm needs to compare machine-generated subtypes against human-defined supertypes. The conflict-free restriction, while quite harmless for the human-defined supertype, is far too restrictive for the subtype. We show here that the PTIME inclusion algorithm can be actually extended to deal with totally unrestricted REs with counting and interleaving in the subtype position, provided that the supertype is conflict-free.
This is exactly the expressive power that we need in order to use subtyping inside type-checking algorithms, and the cost of this generalized algorithm is only quadratic, which is as good as the best algorithm we have for the symmetric case (see [1]). The result is extremely surprising, since we had previously found that symmetric inclusion becomes NP-hard as soon as the candidate subtype is enriched with binary intersection, a generalization that looked much more innocent than what we achieve here.


Theoretical Computer Science, volume 492, 2013

Autori esterni: Dario Colazzo (LRI - Université Paris Sud - France), Giorgio Ghelli (Dipartimento di Informatica - Università di Pisa - Italy), Carlo Sartiani (DMI - Università della Basilicata - Italy)
Autori IIT:

Luca Pardini

Foto di Luca Pardini

Tipo: Articoli su riviste ISI
Area di disciplina: Computer Science & Engineering
Da pagina 88 a pagina 116

Attività: Social and Semantic Web